Friday, 6 December 2013

Nelson Mandela - The freedom fighter, prisoner, president & global icon's life in picture.

NELSON MANDELA 1918 - 2013: Freedom fighter, prisoner, president, global icon - the world mourns passing of the man who freed his country and became an inspiration to billions. 

Rolihlahla Dalibhunga Mandela was born in the village of Mvezo, in the Transkei on 18 July, 1918. His father, a member of the Thembu clan, has three other wives in addition to Rolihlahla's mother, and 12 other sons and daughters.
THE ANTI-APARTHEID FIGHTER WHO WENT TO PRISON FOR THE CAUSE

1960 69 peaceful protesters are killed by police in the Sharpeville Massacre; in the aftermath the ANC is banned, prompting Mandela to go into hiding. While in hiding he forms an underground military group with armed resistance

1962 After living on the run for seventeen months he is arrested on August 5 and imprisoned in the Johannesburg Fort. On October 25 he is sentenced to five years in prison but again goes on the run

1964 On June 12 Mandela is captured and convicted of sabotage and treason. He is sentenced to life imprisonment at the age of 46, initially on Robben island where he would be kept for 18 years

1968 His mother dies and his eldest son is killed in a car crash but he is not allowed to attend either of the funerals

1980 The exiled Oliver Tambo launches an international campaign for the release of his friend

1986 Sanctions against South Africa are tightened, costing millions in revenue

1990 On February 11, Nelson Mandela is released from prison after 27 years. He had served the last part of his sentence in Victor Verster Prison in Paarl.

President De Klerk lifts the ban on the African National Congress (ANC). The ANC and the white National Party begin talks on forming a multi-racial democracy for South Africa.

1991 Mandela becomes President of the ANC. The International Olympic Committee lift a 21-year ban on South African athletes competing in the Olympic Games.

1992 He separates from Winnie Mandela after she is convicted of kidnapping and being an accessory to assault. The following March they divorce.

1993 Nelson Mandela and Mr de Klerk are awarded the Nobel Peace Prize

1994 April 26 Free Elections where black South Africans are allowed to vote for the first time.

Nelson Mandela runs for President and the ANC win 252 of the 400 seats in the national assembly

May Mandela is inaugurated as the first black president of South Africa. He appoints de Klerk as deputy president and forms the racially mixed Government of National Unity.

1995 South Africa hosts the 1995 Rugby World Cup and South Africa wins. Nelson Mandela wears a Springbok shirt when he presents the trophy to Afrikaner captain Francois Pienaar. This gesture was seen as a major step in the reconciliation of white and black South Africans.

1998 Marries Graca Machel, the widow of the former president of Mozambique, on his 80th birthday.

1999 Relinquishes presidency in favour of Thabo Mbeki, who was nominated ANC president in 1997.

2001 Nelson Mandela was diagnosed and treated for prostate cancer

2004 June: Nelson Mandela announced that he would be retiring from public life at the age of 85

2005 His son, Makgatho Mandela died of AIDS

2010 Mandela makes a rare public appearance at the football World Cup in South Africa

2012 An increasingly frail Mandela is admitted to hospital twice in February and December




Mandela in a class photograph from the late 1930s
Mandela, center right, sings with supporters and the accused during the first treason trial outside the Drill Hall in Johannesburg, in 1956. Mandela and his co-accused were acquitted after a four-and-a-half-year trial
Mandela in traditional costume in the early 1960s
In this image from13 September 2011 former president Nelson Mandela's face is reflected in a mirror. The portrait has been bought by a private art collector in New York, for $200,000, the highest price ever paid for a local portrait
Nelson Mandela lifts the World Cup trophy in Zurich, Switzerland, after FIFA's executive committee announced that South Africa would host the 2010 World Cup soccer tournament.
Here UK Prime Minister David Cameron, meets with Mandela in 2006 in Johannesburg.
In this 2011 meeting, the first daughters Malia (left) and Sasha (right) join their mother Michelle Obama for a meeting with Mandela
A 1997 meeting of Mandela and Prime Minister Tony Blair at St Andrews
Prime Minister David Cameron meets with Mandela 2008, as the South African leader shoots his famously endearing grin
Nelson Mandela and his then-wife Winnie at their wedding in 1957
Mandela speaks at a conference in 1960
Then-ANC leader Mandela in January 1961
Mandela with his wife Winnie in 1962
Cleaning the 'Free Mandela' signs from King's College Chapel Cambridge
Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat is pictured meeting with Mandela in Gaza City in October 1988
Mandela and wife Winnie after his release from Victor Verster prison in February 1990
A jubilant Sowetan holds up in Soweto a newspaper announcing the release of Mandela on 11 February 1990
Mandela and his wife Winnie play with their grandchild Bambata at their Soweto home in 1990
Mandela on his release from prison in February 1990
Mandela in the States in June 1990
Mandela shakes hands with Margaret Thatcher in July 1990
President of the South African National Congress, Mandela addresses a crowd of residents from the Phola park squatter camp during his tour of townships in September 1990
Mandela salutes the crowd alongside Fidel Castro in Matanzas in July 1991
Zinzi Mandela, wearing Xhosa traditional outfit, and her father Nelson in October 1992
Manchester United Manager Alex Ferguson meets Mandela during their tour to South Africa in June 1993
Mandela listens to a little boy at a training farm in Boskop where he is campaigning for the South African presidency in 1994
Mandela jokingly poses with a spear presented to him at an election rally at Mngqesha, the former 'Great Place' of a famous Xosha king, in April 1994
ANC youths wait for Mandela atop a billboard in a township outside Durban prior to an election rally in 1994
President Mandela shakes hands with his two deputies Thabo Mbeki and former president Frederik de Klerk, after the inaugural sitting of South Africa's first all-race parliament in Cape Town in May 1994
Mandela visits his former cell in notorious Robben Island prison off the coast of Cape Town, where he spent 19 of his 27 years in jail
President Mandela greets Queen Elizabeth II on her official arrival at Cape Town's Waterfront in 1995
Mandela congratulates Springboks' skipper Francois Pienaar after handing him the Webb-Ellis trophy at Ellis Park in Johannesburg after his team beat New Zealand 15-12 in overtime in the 1995 rugby World Cup final
Mandela hugs the reigning Miss South Africa Barnelee Daniels after a lunch at his residence in Johannesburg
Michael Jackson hugs Mandela in Pretoria in July 1996
David Beckham awards former Mandela his own England jersey ahead of an international friendly match against South Africa in May 2003
Mandela pays a personal tribute to two prominent anti-apartheid activists at their former home in Lime Street in London by unveiling a plaque in their honour in July 2003 
The former South African president with award winning actress, Charlize Theron, in South Africa in 2003 after she won the Oscar for Best Actress for her role in the movie Monster
Nelson Mandela greets the crowd at the closing ceremony of the 15th International AIDS conference in Bangkok, Thailand
Mandela and Sir Bob Geldof are applauded by the crowd before making a speech endorsing the 'Make Poverty History' campaign in Trafalgar Square in 2005
Mandela, seen on giant screens, speaks during 'Live 8 Rome' at the Circus Maximus in July 2005
Tony Blair meets Mandela in May 2007. Mr Blair is on a five-day visit to meet African leaders as he prepares to stand down as PM
Bill Clinton embraces Mandela during a visit to the Nelson Mandela Foundation
Mandela poses with South Africa rugby coach Jake White, captain John Smit and the Webb-Ellis cup
Mandela and his wife Graca Machel on stage during the 46664 Concert celebrating his life in Hyde Park on 27 June 2008


Mandela with South Africa's national rugby and football teams

Mandela and his wife Graca Machel share a laugh as he's wrapped up in a blanket, a gift received from his staff in honour his 90th birthday



Nelson Mandela and the Dalai Lama in Cape Town in 1996

The Queen sits with South African President Nelson Mandela at a state banquet held in the Queen's honour in Cape Town in March 1995 - the first state visit to the country in almost 50 years

Nelson Mandela with American talkshow host Oprah Winfrey in 2005
British supermodel Naomi Campbell and Nelson Mandela at a Othandweni orphanage in Hillbrow, South Africa, in 2001
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, right, meets with former South Africa President Nelson Mandela at his home in Qunu, South Africa, last year

Mandela and Tyler Perry

Mandela and Cristiano Ronaldo
Mandela and Oluchi Orlandi 
Mandela and Beyonce
Mandela, Beyonce, Jay-Z, Graca Machel 
The lead singer of U2 and former South African president Nelson Mandela's embrace at the annual AIDS benefit concert.
After performing in Johannesburg in support of Nations Trust, Victoria Beckham, Mel B and the rest of the gang poses with the renowned politician and Prince Charles could not resist a photo too.
Hollywood's power couple meet up with Nelson Mandela before enjoying a dinner in honor of His 90th birthday.
The 90th birthday celebration Continues! More stars pay tribute to Mandela on His special day before enjoying an AIDS charity concert in London.
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